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 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2002   Volume No 4 - pages 61-69

Title: Behaviour of moderately differentiated osteoblast-like cells cultured in contact with bioactive glasses

Authors: S. Hattar, A. Berdal, A. Asselin, S. Loty, D.C. Greenspan and J-M Sautier

Address: Laboratoire de Biologie Orofaciale et Pathologie, INSERM EMI-U 0110, Institut Biomédical des Cordeliers, Esc. E - 2è étage, 15-21 rue de l'Ecole de Médecine, F-75270 Paris Cedex 06, France.

E-mail: sautier at ccr.jussieu.fr

Key Words: Bioactive glasses, in vitro, MG63 cell line, Msx-2, Dlx-3, Cbfa-1.

Publication date: 31th December 2002

Abstract: Bioactive glasses have been shown to stimulate osteogenesis both in vivo and in vitro. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying this process are still poorly understood. In this study, we have investigated the behaviour of osteoblast-like cells (MG63), cultured in the presence of bioglass particles. Three types of granules were used: 45S5® bioactive glass, 45S5® granules preincubated in tris buffer and 60S non-reactive glass, used as control. Phase contrast microscopy permitted step-by-step visualization of cell cultures in contact with the particles. Ultrastructural observations of undecalcified sections revealed direct contacts of the cells and an electron-dense layer located at the periphery of the material. Protein synthesis was evaluated biochemically and showed a gradual increase throughout the culture time in the three types of cultures. Alkaline phosphatase was detected in situ, in clusters of packed cells either in contact with the material or in the background cell layer. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR analysis of the main osteoblastic markers showed that gene expression was maintained in all three cultures. The fact that osteocalcin was not detected, supports the fact that the MG63 cell line is composed of less differentiated osteogenic cells rather than mature osteoblasts. We also demonstrated for the first time in this cell line, the expression of Msx-2, Dlx-3 and Dlx-7 homeogenes, known to regulate in vivo foetal skeletogenesis as well as adult skeletal regeneration. However, no significant differences could be recognised in the expression pattern of bone markers between the three types of cultures. Yet these preliminary results indicate that bioactive glasses provided a suitable environment for the growth and proliferation of osteoblasts in vitro, since no drastic changes in phenotype expression of pre-osteoblasts was noted.

Article download: Pages 61-69 (PDF file)
DOI: 10.22203/eCM.v004a05