eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2003   Volume No 5 - pages 61-67

Title: Platelet adhesion studies on dipyridamole coated polyurethane surfaces

Authors: Y.B.J. Aldenhoff and L.H. Koole

Address: Centre for Biomaterials Research, University of Maastricht, PO Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands.

E-mail: l.koole at

Key Words: Platelets, polyurethane, dipyridamole, bloodcompatibility

Publication date: 30th June 2003

Abstract: Surface modification of polyurethanes (PUs) by covalent attachment of dipyridamole (Persantin®) is known to reduce adherence of blood platelets upon exposure to human platelet rich plasma (PRP). This effect was investigated in further detail. First platelet adhesion under static conditions was studied with four different biomaterial surfaces: untreated PU, PU immobilised with conjugate molecule 1, PU immobilised with conjugate molecule 2, and PU immobilised with conjugate molecule 3. In PU immobilised with 1 dipyridamole is directly linked to the surface, in PU immobilised with 2 there is a short hydrophilic spacer chain in between the surface and the dipyridamole, while conjugate molecule 3 is merely the spacer chain. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to characterise platelet adhesion from human PRP under static conditions, and fluorescence imaging microscopy was used to study platelet adhesion from whole blood under flow. SEM experiments encompassed both density measurements and analysis of the morphology of adherent platelets. In the static experiments the surface immobilised with 2 showed the lowest platelet adherence. No difference between the three modified surfaces emerged from the flow experiments. The surfaces were also incubated with washed blood platelets and labeled with Oregon-Green Annexin V. No capture of Oregon-Green Annexin V was seen, implying that the adhered platelets did not expose any phosphatidyl serine at their exteriour surface.

Article download: Pages 61-67 (PDF file)
DOI: 10.22203/eCM.v005a06