eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2006   Volume No 11– pages 35-42

Title: Culture medium modulates the behaviour of human dental pulp-derived cells: Technical Note

Authors: S Lopez-Cazaux, G Bluteau, D Magne, B Lieubeau, J Guicheux, B Alliot-Licht

Address: INSERM EM 9903, Research Center on Materials with Biological Interest, School of Dental Surgery, 1 place Alexis Ricordeau, 44042 Nantes cedex 1, France

E-mail: jerome.guicheux at

Key Words: Dental pulp, Smooth muscle actin, Odontoblast-like cell differentiation, Cell culture

Publication date: February 17th 2006

Abstract: In vitro approaches have extensively been developed to study reparative dentinogenesis. While dental pulp is a source of unidentified progenitors able to differentiate into odontoblast-like cells, we investigated the effect of two media; MEM (1.8mM Ca and 1mM Pi) and RPMI 1640 (0.8mM Ca and 5mM Pi) on the behaviour of human dental pulp cells. Our data indicate that MEM significantly increased cell proliferation and markedly enhanced the proportion of -smooth muscle actin positive cells, which represent a putative source of progenitors able to give rise to odontoblast-like cells. In addition, MEM strongly stimulated alkaline phosphatase activity and was found to induce expression of transcripts encoding dentin sialophosphoprotein, an odontoblastic marker, without affecting that of parathyroid hormone/parathyroid hormone related protein-receptor and osteonectin. In conclusion, these observations demonstrate that not only proliferation but also differentiation into odontoblast-like cells was induced by rich calcium and poor phosphate medium (MEM) as compared to RPMI 1640. This study provides important data for the determination of the optimal culture conditions allowing odontoblast-like differentiation in human pulp cell culture.


Article download: Pages 35-42 (PDF file)
DOI: 10.22203/eCM.v011a05