eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2012   Volume No 23 – pages 262-272

Title: An experimental setup to evaluate innovative therapy options for the enhancement of bone healing using BMP as a benchmark – a pilot study

Author: B Preininger, H Gerigk, J Bruckner, C Perka, H Schell, A Ellinghaus, K Schmidt-Bleek, G Duda

Address: Julius Wolff Institut, Augustenburger Platz 1, Forum 4, D-13353 Berlin, Germany

E-mail: bernd.preininger at

Key Words: bone haematoma, bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), delayed healing model, rat, artificial blood clot

Publication date: April 10th 2012

Abstract: Critical or delayed bone healing in rat osteotomy (OT) models is mostly achieved through large defects or instability. We aimed to design a rat OT model for impaired bone healing based on age, gender and parity. The outcome should be controllable through variations of the haematoma in the OT including a bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 2 guided positive control.
Using external fixation to stabilise femoral a 2 mm double OT in 12 month old, female Sprague Dawley rats after a minimum of 3 litters healing was characterised following in situ haematoma formation (ISH-group)), transplantation of a BMP charged autologous blood clot (BMP-group) and the artificial blood clot only (ABC-group) into the OT-gap. In vivo micro-computer tomography (µCT) scans were performed after 2, 4 and 6 weeks. After 6 weeks specimens underwent histological analyses.
In µCT examinations and histological analyses no bony bridging was observed in all but one animal in the ISH-group. In the BMP group complete bridging was achieved in all animals. The ABC-group showed less mineralised tissue formation and smaller bridging scores during the course of healing than the ISH-group.
In this pilot study we introduce a model for impaired bone healing taking the major biological risk factors into account. We could show that the in situ fracture haematoma is essential for bone regeneration. Using BMP as a positive control the presented experimental setup can serve to evaluate innovative therapeutical concepts in long bone application.

Article download: Pages 262-272 (PDF file)
DOI: 10.22203/eCM.v023a20