eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2012   Volume No 24 – pages 162-174

Title: Matrix production and collagen structure are enhanced in two types of osteogenic progenitor cells by a simple fluid shear stress stimulus

Author: RM Delaine-Smith, S MacNeil, GC Reilly

Address: Department Materials Science and Engineering, Kroto Research Institute, University of Sheffield, Broad Lane, Sheffield, S3 7HQ, UK

E-mail: g.reilly at shef.ac.uk

Key Words: Mesenchymal stem cells; dermal fibroblasts; fluid shear stress; second harmonic generation; osteogenesis; matrix production; collagen.

Publication date: August 3rd 2012

Abstract: Mesenchymal progenitor cells play a vital role in bone regenerative medicine and tissue engineering strategies. To be clinically useful osteoprogenitors should be readily available with the potential to form bone matrix. While mesenchymal stromal cells from bone marrow have shown promise for tissue engineering, they are obtained in small numbers and there is risk of donor site morbidity. Osteogenic progenitor cells derived from dermal tissue may provide a more abundant and easily expandable source of cells. Bone turnover in vivo is regulated by mechanical forces, particularly oscillatory fluid shear stresses (FSS), and in vitro osteogenic progenitors have been shown to be regulated by mechanical stimuli. The aim of this study was to assess what effect osteogenic media and FSS, generated by a simple rocking platform, had on cell behaviour and matrix production in human progenitor dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) and the embryonic stem cell-derived mesenchymal progenitor cell line (hES-MP).
Osteogenic media stimulated alkaline phosphatase activity (ALP) and calcium deposition in HDFs. The addition of FSS further enhanced ALP activity and mineralised matrix deposition in both progenitor cells cultured in osteogenic media. Both types of progenitor cell subjected to FSS showed increases in collagen secretion and apparent collagen organisation as imaged by second harmonic generation.

Article download: Pages 162-174 (PDF file)
DOI: 10.22203/eCM.v024a12