eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2013   Volume No 26 – pages 208-221

Title: A sugar-based phase-transitioning delivery system for bone tissue engineering

Author: TL Cheng, P Valtchev, CM Murphy, LC Cantrill, F Dehghani, DG Little, A Schindeler

Address: Orthopaedic Research & Biotechnology, Research Building, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Locked Bag 4001, Westmead, NSW 2145, Australia

E-mail: tegan.cheng at

Key Words: Sucrose acetate isobutyrate; injectable scaffold; bisphosphonate; hydroxyapatite; bone tissue engineering.

Publication date: October 22nd 2013

Abstract: Bone tissue engineering approaches commonly involve the delivery of recombinant human bone morphogenetic proteins (rhBMPs). However, there are limitations associated with the currently used carriers, including the need for surgical implantation and the associated increase in infection risk. As an alternative to traditional porous collagen sponge, we have adopted a solution of the injectable sucrose acetate isobutyrate (SAIB) as a carrier for rhBMP-2. The ability to deliver rhBMP-2 and other agents by injection reduces the infection risk and lesion size whilst in surgery, with the potential to avoid open surgery altogether in some indications.
The primary methodology used for this in vivo study was a C57BL6/J mouse ectopic bone formation model. Specimens were examined by x-ray, microCT, and histology at 3 weeks. SAIB was delivered non-invasively and produced up to 3-fold greater bone volume compared to collagen. To further refine and improve upon the formulation, SAIB containing rhBMP-2 was admixed with candidate compounds including ceramic microparticles, anti-resorptives, and cell signalling inhibitors and further tested in vivo. The formulation combining SAIB/rhBMP-2, the bisphosphonate zoledronic acid (ZA), and hydroxyapatite (HA) microparticles yielded a 10-fold greater bone volume than SAIB/rhBMP-2 alone. To investigate the mechanism underlying the synergy between ZA and HA, we used in vitro binding assays and in vivo fluorescent biodistribution studies to demonstrate that ceramic particles could bind and sequester the bisphosphonate. These data show the utility of SAIB as a non-invasive rhBMP delivery system as well as describing an optimised formulation for bone tissue engineering.

Article download: Pages 208-221 (PDF file)
DOI: 10.22203/eCM.v026a15