eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2015   Volume No 30 – pages 12-27

Title: Evolving concepts of chondrogenic differentiation: history, state-of-the-art and future perspectives

Author: X Tang, L Fan, M Pei, L Zeng, Z Ge

Address: Department of Biomedical Engineering, College of Engineering, Peking University, P.R China, 100871

E-mail: gez at

Key Words: Chondrogenic differentiation, chondrogenesis, mesenchymal stem cells, chondrocytes, chondrogenic differentiation factors.

Publication date: July 27th 2015

Abstract: As a cell source, multipotent mesenchymal stromal cells or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are promising candidates for chondrogenic differentiation and subsequent cartilage regeneration. From previous literature, it is known that chondrogenic differentiation of MSCs inevitably leads to hypertrophy and subsequent endochondral ossification. In this review, we examine the history of currently established protocols of chondrogenic differentiation and elaborate on the roles of individual components of chondrogenic differentiation medium. We also summarise the effects of physical, chemical and biological factors involved, and propose potential strategies to differentiate MSCs into articular chondrocytes with homogenous mature phenotypes through spatial-temporal incorporation of cell differentiation and chondrogenesis.

Article download: Pages 12-27 (PDF file)
DOI: 10.22203/eCM.v030a02