eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2017   Volume No 34 – pages 55-69

Title: Seeding density is a crucial determinant for the in vivo vascularisation capacity of adipose tissue-derived microvascular fragments

Authors: T Später, C Körbel, FS Frueh, RM Nickels, MD Menger,MW Laschke

Address: Institute for Clinical and Experimental Surgery, Saarland University, 66421 Homburg/Saar, Germany.

E-mail: matthias.laschke at

Key Words: Integra®, dermal substitute, skin, tissue engineering, wound healing, vascularisation, photoacoustic imaging, dorsal skinfold chamber.

Publication date: August 15th 2017

Abstract: Adipose tissue-derived microvascular fragments (ad-MVF) represent effective vascularisation units for the seeding of dermal substitutes. However, particularly in case of extensive skin defects, the required amounts of donor fat tissue for the harvesting of ad-MVF may not always be available. Therefore, we herein determined the lowest ad-MVF density needed to induce a sufficient vascularisation and incorporation of seeded implants. Collagen-glycosaminoglycan matrices (Integra®; diameter: 4 mm) were seeded with 15,000 (HD), 10,000 (MD) and 5,000 (LD) ad-MVF and implanted into full-thickness skin defects within mouse dorsal skinfold chambers, to analyse their in vivo vascularisation and incorporation. Intravital fluorescence microscopy showed a comparable vascularisation of HD and MD ad-MVF-seeded Integra®, which was significantly higher when compared to LD ad-MVF-seeded Integra®. As assessed by photoacoustic imaging, this was associated with an increased oxygenation of the implants. Additional histological and immunohistochemical analyses revealed an enhanced cellular infiltration, collagen content, microvessel density and epithelialisation of HD and MD ad-MVF-seeded Integra®, indicating a better incorporation compared to LD ad-MVF-seeded implants. These findings demonstrate that 80,000 ad-MVF/cm² is the least required density to guarantee an effective vascularisation of the dermal substitute.

Article download: Pages 55-69 (PDF file)