eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2017   Volume No 34 – pages 162-179

Title: Do we need retarded delivery of bone growth factors in facial bone repair? An experimental study in rats

Authors: N Moser, N Lohse, J Goldstein, P Kauffmann, B Sven, M Epple, H Schliephake

Address:   Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, George-Augusta-University, Robert-Koch-Str. 40, 37075 Göttingen, Germany.

E-mail: schliephake.henning at

Key Words: Bone morphogenic protein, retarded release, ectopic, orthotopic, bone specific markers, bone formation.

Publication date: October 05th 2017

Abstract:The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of different dosages of retarded vs. rapid release of bone morphogenic protein 2 (BMP2) at different recipient sites. Porous composite poly(D,L-lactic acid) (PDLLA)/CaCO3 scaffolds were loaded with three different dosages of rhBMP2 (24 µg, 48 µg and 96 µg) and implanted, together with blank controls, both into non-healing defects of the mandibles and into the gluteal muscles of 24 adult male Wistar rats. After 26 weeks, bone formation and expression of bone specific markers [alkaline phosphatase (AP) and Runx2] were evaluated by histomorphometry and immunohistochemistry. Results showed that the mode of delivery had no quantitative effect on bone formation in mandibular sites. Expression of AP and Runx2 showed significant differences among the three dosage groups. There were significant correlations between the expression of both AP and Runx2 as well as the extent of bone formation, with both retarded and rapid release of rhBMP2. In ectopic sites, retarded release significantly enhanced bone formation in the low and medium dosage groups, compared to rapid release. Expression of AP was significantly higher and Runx2 significantly lower in ectopic sites, compared to mandibular sites. Significant correlations between the expression of bone specific markers and bone formation occurred only in the retarded delivery groups, but not in the rapid release groups. Within the limitations of the experimental model, it was concluded that retarded delivery of BMP2 was effective, preferably in sites with low or non-existing pristine osteogenic activity. Expression of bone specific markers indicated that osteogenic pathways might be different in mandibular vs. ectopic sites.

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