eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-Profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2019   Volume No 37 – pages 333-346

Title: Systemic sclerostin antibody treatment increases osseointegration and biomechanical competence of zoledronic-acid-coated dental implants in a rat osteoporosis model

Authors: P Korn, I Kramer, F Schlottig, N Tödtmann, U Eckelt, A Bürki, SJ Ferguson, A Kautz, M Schnabelrauch, U Range, M Kneissel, B Stadlinger

Address: Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin, corporate member of Freie Universität Berlin, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin and Berlin Institute of Health, Augustenburger Platz 1, 13353 Berlin, Germany.

E-mail: paula.korn at charite.de

Abstract: Osseointegration of dental implants can be promoted by implant-surface modifications using bisphosphonate coatings. In addition, it is of clinical interest to promote peri-implant bone formation and to restore bony structure in low bone-mass patients. The present study evaluated a combination of an anti-resorptive zoledronic acid (ZOL) implant-coating and a systemically applied sclerostin antibody, a known bone anabolic treatment principle, versus sole sclerostin antibody treatment or ZOL implant-coating in a rat osteoporosis model.
     Uncoated reference surface implants or ZOL-coated implants (n = 64/group) were inserted into the proximal tibia of aged osteoporotic rats three months following ovariectomy. 32 animals of each group received once weekly sclerostin antibody therapy. Osseointegration was assessed 2 or 4 weeks post-implantation by ex vivo µCT, histology and biomechanical testing.
     Overall implant survival rate was 97 %. Histomorphology revealed pronounced bone formation along the entire implant length of ZOL-coated implants. At 4 weeks following implant insertion, bone-implant contact, cancellous bone mineral density and bone volume/tissue volume were significantly increased for the combination of ZOL and sclerostin antibody as compared to sclerostin antibody or ZOL implant-coating alone. Removal torque was also significantly increased in the combination therapy group relative to animals receiving only sclerostin antibody therapy or ZOL-coated implants.
     In an osteoporotic rat model, the combination of anti-resorptive ZOL implant-coating and systemically applied sclerostin antibody led to significantly increased peri-implant bone formation. Therefore, the combination of ZOL and the osteoanabolic sclerostin antibody was more effective than either agent alone.

Key Words: Dental implant, osseointegration, osteoporosis animal model, sclerostin antibody, zoledronic acid.

Publication date: May 21st 2019

Article download: Pages 333-346 (PDF file)
DOI:
10.22203/eCM.v037a20

 

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