eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-Profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

Instructions to authors on submission and formatting

Manuscript submission and review process
Conflict of Interest
Plagiarism check
eCM Manuscript style
Style specifications
Graphical abstract

Download here the complete instructions to authors.


eCM is an exclusively on-line journal, publishing original research of general or specialist interest, review and tutorial papers, within its scope. Manuscripts must be submitted in digital format, through the eCM submission and review website at: eCM requires payment of a one-time, non-refundable, CHF100 submission fee per manuscript. On completion of payment, submitting authors will receive a 10-digit Worldpay Transaction ID, which will be required during the submission process. The Worldpay Transaction ID must be quoted in the letter of submission. Pay Here.

Upon acceptance, and before publication, the payment of an Article Processing Charge (APC) of CHF1000 will be requested. The APC covers part of the costs of eCM staffing, web hosting and general publishing costs. eCM is a Not-for-Profit journal and does not make any profit with this system (standard Open Access APC for journal's of similar impact factor is between CHF2000 and CHF4000). eCM offers Gold Open Access to its papers, where articles are immediately available for others to read, download and share (e.g. can be uploaded on ResearchGate). All papers submitted from July 1st 2018 are liable to the APC fee. Pay Here.

The potential clinical relevance of the work must be mentioned briefly at the end of the Abstract (max. 250 words) and in more detail in the Discussion. Scientific Editors reserve the right to directly return work, which they deem incremental, not hypothesis-driven but observational, or the work is sufficiently covered in literature. Technical notes will also not be entretained. If these cases occur before sending out to review, no detailed comments will be sent to the authors and the submission fee will unfortunately be lost.

The official language of eCM Journal is UK English. US English is acceptable. A mixture of both forms of English is not acceptable. Should authors wish their paper to be published in US English, the following instruction must be included below the main title: “Please publish in US English”; otherwise, at the time of publication, the paper will be edited in UK English. If English is not your native language, we strongly recommend you acquiring assistance from a professional scientific editing service (best if they are experienced, native English-speaking academics) to edit the manuscript before it is submitted, since scripts with a poor standard of English will be unsubmitted.

eCM publish four types of manuscripts:

  • Research paper: presents new unpublished findings (of general or specialist interest).
  • Review paper: including an extended literature review and a complete bibliography. It can also emphasise authors' new unpublished findings and, in an extended discussion, place the topic in its proper perspective. It can also be a complete bibliography of an author's own work, discussed in relation to the work of others.
  • Tutorial paper: containing an organised comprehensive review of all relevant published material, such as for a teaching lecture.
  • Letters to the Editor: discussing a specific manuscript. They can be sent directly to ecm at They will be hosted on the same page as the manuscript being discussed, but will not be listed in PubMed and will not hold the journal's impact factor. Submitted Letters will be reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief and the Scientific Editor of the paper in question.

eCM has enabled Open Researcher and Contributor ID (ORCID), which is a non-profit organisation dedicated to solving the long-standing name ambiguity problem in scholarly communication by creating a central registry of unique identifiers for individual researchers and an open, transparent linking mechanism between ORCID and other current author identifier schemes. To learn more about ORCID, please visit: We encourage all authors and reviewers of eCM to register their ORCID data on the eCM ScholarOne database. Integration with the ORCID API and the associated validation of users’ ORCID iDs offers many benefits to authors and publishers of scholarly research, including added confidence in the attribution of the submitted work and the ability to quickly populate registration forms with data supplied from the author’s ORCID profile.

All authors of eCM published papers are expected to be available to review manuscripts for the journal: your peers have volunteered their time to bring your work to publication; hence, we expect you to be ready to review newly submitted manuscripts in your field of expertise.

Manuscript submission and review process

Papers should be submitted in Microsoft Word format. The final published version will be prepared, by eCM production team, using professional publishing software, in standard Portable Document File (pdf) format. This is the format in which the paper will appear in the electronic journal. There are no practical limitations concerning figures, monochrome or colour are equally acceptable. Note: eCM Journal does not publish supplementary figures: all figures must be included in the main text figure sequence. Short videos, when bringing exceptional improvement to the paper, may also be included as appendices to the paper – please consult the Production Editor in such cases. Full details of the required manuscript standards for submission are described under eCM manuscript style .

A letter of submission (signed by ALL authors) MUST be included within the paper submission. In its absence, the paper will be unsubmitted. The letter of submission must contain the Worldpay Transaction ID to confirm submission fee payment. Download the eCM_Letter of Submission template.

This letter must declare:

  • any potential conflicts of interest
  • support from any commercial sources
  •  exclusively submission of the manuscript to eCM
  • ethical guidelines conformation of the animal study, if applicable
  • approval by all named authors
  • authors contribution to the manuscript from a minimum of two of the four major parts of the submitted work (1. Planning, 2. Data collection, 3. Data analysis, 4. Manuscript preparation and editing)
  • absence of "gift authorships"
  • authors consideration of the protection of intellectual property associated with the work.

Reviewing and processing
Each abstract is checked for scope by the Editor-in-Chief, who decides whether the manuscript will be assigned to a Scientific Editor (SE) or returned. The SE decides whether the paper warrants rejection or, if acceptable, he/she selects several reviewers (sometimes including 1 or 2 suggested by the authors) and the manuscript enters the automatically-controlled review process. A copy of each reviewer's report is sent to the SE, who use them to guide his/her recommendation to the Editor-in-Chief, who informs the authors on behalf of the journal. Manuscripts can commonly require two or three resubmissions before being accepted for publication.
Possible decisions are:

      • Accept (no changes are necessary and the paper enters the production process)
      • Minor Revision (minor text changes are needed, requiring only a final check from the SE, before the manuscript is accepted)
      • Major Revision (requires major re-work, sometimes including additional experiments and a full re-review of the work after submission of changes)
      • Reject & Resubmit (requires full new experiments to test the hypothesis)
      • Reject (cannot be resubmitted to eCM).

Accepted manuscripts enter the production process, where the text, references, tables and figures are checked and edited before a final page-proof version is produced in pdf format. This pdf proof is sent to the corresponding author for a final checking. Only correction of minor errors and typographical mistakes are allowed at this stage. A reminder e-mail is sent  to the corresponding author if no response is received within 7 days. If no response is received after 10 working days, the paper will be published as it stands, with the production edits included.

When resubmitting a revised manuscript, you MUST respond fully to ALL the comments made by the reviewer(s), with a point by point rebuttal in a separate document. You should also list and comment on any changes made to the original manuscript. To expedite processing of the revised manuscript, be as specific as possible in your response to the reviewer(s). The originally submitted copy of the manuscript cannot be changed. Instead, a new copy of the manuscript must be prepared with changes noted by either using the track changes mode in MS Word or by highlighting changes in bold and red. The onus is on the author(s) to make the changes as obvious as possible and easy for the reviewer(s) to recognise.
IMPORTANT: Your original files are available when the revised manuscript is uploaded. Please delete all redundant files before completing the resubmission.

Note: for decisions other than Minor Revision, resubmitting your manuscript does not guarantee eventual acceptance. Your resubmission will be reviewed by the already selected reviewer(s), or – at our discretion – by newly selected reviewers before a decision is made. New problems, which might also be detected during the re-review process and could have been missed in the original review, will require correction.
Discussion with Reviewers section: in addition to reviewing the paper critically, we also ask reviewers to raise relevant questions – such as those that are often asked at conferences – to be presented to the author(s). Questions bringing out additional information or challenging the authors' approach, findings or conclusions are particularly welcomed. While some of these questions may be attended to by appropriate text changes to the final version of the manuscript, other authors' replies will be published in the "Discussion with Reviewers" section of the manuscript. The reviewers will be identified by name unless they have requested otherwise. The SE verifies that the reviewers' comments and questions have been answered.

Conflict of Interest

At the time of submission, authors must disclose any possible conflict of interest in the letter of submission. Reviewers and editors must declare their own competing interests and, if necessary, disqualify themselves from involvement in the assessment of a manuscript.
A Conflict of Interest is anything that interferes with, or could reasonably be perceived as interfering with, the study design and conduct, full and objective presentation, peer review, editorial decision-making or publication of research or non-research articles submitted to eCM journal. Conflict of Interest can be financial or non-financial, professional or personal. They can arise in relationship to an organization or another person.

Who must declare a Conflict of Interest?
At the time of submission, authors must state what competing interests are relevant to the submitted research. Use eCM_Letter of Submission template to state any potential Conflict of Interest, including, but not limited to, support from any commercial sources, description of funder’s role in the study design, professional affiliations, advisory positions, board memberships, patent holdings, etc..
Work submitted by any eCM Scientific Editor (SE) will be assigned to a different SE.
Peer Reviewers
Reviewers must declare autonomously their own Conflict of Interest and, if necessary, disqualify themselves from involvement in the assessment of the manuscript. Reviewers must not use knowledge of the work they are reviewing before its publication to further their own interests.
Editors who make final decisions about manuscripts should recuse themselves from editorial decisions if they have a Conflict of Interest or relationships that pose potential conflicts related to articles under consideration. Editorial staff must not use information gained through working with manuscripts for private gain.

Plagiarism check

Each accepted manuscript will be run through a powerful plagiarism system software ( before production and publication.

iThenticate is used worldwide by scholarly publishers and research institutions to ensure the originality of written work before publication. iThenticate helps editors, authors and researchers prevent misconduct by comparing manuscripts against its database of over 60 billion web pages and 155 million content items, including 49 million works from 800 scholarly publisher participants of Crossref Similarity Check powered by iThenticate software.

Authors will be contacted in case the percentage of possible plagiarism (including self-plagiarism) in relevant sections is considered to be too large.

eCM Manuscript style


  • General: the submitted manuscript must be formatted as a single-spaced plain Microsoft Word format document using Palatino Linotype font. No attempt should be made to arrange the text into columns, sections or apply any formatting other than superscript, subscript, bold, italic and indents (use embedded ‘tab’ character for indents). Do not include any embedded styles.
  • Title: the title should contain no more than twenty words. Lower case should be used and no capitalisation of first letters of individual words should be applied.
  • Authors list: use first name initial, followed by a period and last name of all authors separated by commas. Do not add titles (e.g. Prof., Dr, PhD etc.). Different affiliations should be marked by superscript numbers (1, 2 etc.) immediately following the author name. The corresponding author should be designated by an asterisk (*) – do not superscript. There can only be one corresponding author.
  • Affiliations list: each affiliation should include department, institution, city and country, preceded by the appropriate number in superscript (1, 2 etc.).
  • Running Title: an informative running title, of no more than 50 characters. Italic font should be used.
  • Abstract: a poor abstract that does not concisely cover the paper contents will cause the rejection of the manuscript. The abstract should be no more than 250 words long. It should contain the purpose of the work, the main methods used, as well as the main results and conclusions, but not in separate sections. It must not contain phrases like "will be described", "will be discussed", "are presented", etc. Abbreviations may be used in the abstract, but they must be defined in parentheses the first time they are used, e.g. "...transmission electron microscopy (TEM) was used to...". References should not be included in the abstract. The clinical relevance of the work must also be mentioned within the abstract.
  • Key Words: up to 10 key words or phrases, separated by commas. Do not use abbreviations in the key words.
  • Corresponding author details (note: only one): full name, full mailing address, telephone number(s), fax number (optional) and e-mail address.
  • Introduction: a clear and concise statement of the purpose of the paper and the relationship of this paper to what is already in the literature (along with relevant references).
  • Materials and Methods:
    . All eCM reviewers are asked a simple question: ‘Is the M&M section described in sufficient detail to allow repetition of the work?’ If the answer is no, the paper is rejected. This section must have complete information (even if already published) for all areas of the study so that others could duplicate the work. This section should carefully describe the materials and methods used, including sample size and statistical approaches. Sequence and source of unique constructs etc. should be made available to other scientists to allow repetition.
    Sources. Provide the supplier/manufacturer’s name, city, country and product code (or URL; only if city, country and product code are not available) of all non-generic products used in the work. If the suppliers/manufacturers are international companies, with common website and local agents, the company name is sufficient.
    Collaboration. The role of any outside organisation in the collection of data, its analysis and interpretation must be described in this section.
    Animal studies. When animal studies are submitted, Animal Ethics Committee permissions must be mentioned. Authors must also submit a completed ARRIVE checklist with their manuscript (the file must be submitted in the same section with the manuscript files, e.g. figures, tables and word file). The ARRIVE  Essential 10 constitute the minimum requirements for reporting animal research and include information allowing reviewers and readers to assess the reliability of the findings.
    Human material. When using human material from a hospital, the ethics permission must be mentioned. If patient consent forms were used, these must be mentioned. The minimum number of human donors required is 3. Note: the use of pooled human donor cells should be avoided. When unavoidable, their use needs to be justified convincingly within the manuscript (and within the cover letter).
  • Reviews. For review papers, this section might not be applicable.
  • Results: this section should succinctly state the results without any lengthy discussion or interpretation of individual data. Conclusions should NOT be stated in the Results section. Tabular data should not repeat what already shown in graphical format. eCM offers the possibility to host Omics data (e.g. genomic sequences) on the same web page as the manuscript. Mention your file type and size in the comments section and letter of submission.
  • Discussion: it should summarise, but not repeat, the Results; distinguish between logical explanations of the results and extrapolations or hypotheses drawn from the results; show how each result advances the overall conclusions of the study; relate the results to the literature (along with relevant references). The Discussion must show the potential clinical relevance of the work. If the study only produces an incremental step in knowledge, the paper will not be published.
  • Conclusions: where possible and reasonable, some conclusion should be made about the wider implications of the study findings, but the conclusion must respect the results presented and not be exaggerated.
  • Acknowledgements: authors should acknowledge all support received for the work: funding, equipment, drugs, technicians or anyone who has contributed but has not been listed as an author. Any conflict of interest should also be stated here.
  • References
    Download detailed reference style check list
    Include all references relevant to the paper. References can be made only to readily available published work and to papers in press. Where papers do not yet have final volume and page numbers, but are available electronically with a Digital Object Identifier (DOI) number, then the DOI number must be quoted. Unpublished results, submitted manuscripts, conference abstracts and personal communications must not be included in the reference list, but can be acknowledged in the text (in parentheses). Important: all references cited in the paper and the names and date in the text must match those in the reference list. In the text use the following style: Jones (1989) or (Jones, 1989) or Jones and Smith (1988). If there are three or more authors, use the form Jones et al. (1993) or (Jones et al., 1993) (use italics for et al.). If more than one paper is published by the same author(s) in the same year, use the form Jones (1986a; 1986b etc.).
    Reference may be made to Web sites. These must be listed separately, in a list entitled 'Web References', following the main list of references. Web references in the list should be numbered in the order in which they appear in the text. Web references should be referred to in the text as '(Web ref. 1)','(Web ref. 2)' etc. Details of each Web reference should include the full Uniform Resource Locator (URL), followed by the date accessed in square brackets i.e. [dd-mm-yyyy].
    The References list (Note: not numbered) must be organised in alphabetical order by the first author's last name. For several references with the same first author, the following order must be used: [a] one-author references, ordered by year {e.g. Jones (1989); Jones (1991)}; [b] two-author references, ordered first according to second author's last name, then ordered by year {Jones and Brown (1990); Jones and Smith (1988)}; and [c] three (and more)-author references, ordered by year {Jones et al. (1983); Jones et al. (1993a); Jones et al. (1993b)}.
    Begin each reference on a separate line; first line indented using a single tab (default tab stop 0.75 cm).
    Reference list style
      • For a paper from a journal: last names and initials of all authors (not "et al."), year (in parentheses), full title of paper, name of publication (use only standard Index Medicus abbreviations – as used by PubMed), volume number (in bold, followed by a colon) and first and last pages (separated by a dash) must be provided. Do not use any punctuation (nor "and" or "&" preceding last author's name), except for commas between authors' names, a period/full-stop at the end of the title (with the exception of titles ending with a question mark), a colon following the volume-number, a single space before the first page number and a period/full-stop following the last page number (separated from the first page number by a hyphen, not an ‘en-dash’ or ‘em dash’). Do not add the DOI number. e.g.
                 Jaguar S, Jensen TL, Lesser-More A, Crapp T (2011) The effects of bone defects on the ability of small animals to walk. Unpub Res 50: 137-142.
      • For a book: include name(s) and initials of author(s), year, title of book (in upper and lower case), name and city of publisher, page-range or chapter cited; do not refer to an entire book. For a multi-author book or proceedings, in addition, the names of editor(s), name and city of publisher or alternatively full availability information, as well as the page-range must be included.
      • For an internal or contract report, Master's and Doctoral thesis: relevant inclusive pages, full availability information with identification numbers and complete address must be provided.
      • Please ensure all references have any abbreviations in uppercase letters, e.g. "DNA" not "dna".
      • In the reference title, only the first letter of the first word should be capitalised (except for capitalised abbreviations such as DNA or RNA).
      • Output styles for Endnote, Reference Manager and Zotero.
        Note: eCM Journal is not responsible for content downloaded from other sites.
        Download for Endnote (As Zip file): Eur_Cell_Mater2014
        Download for Reference Manager (As Zip file): Eur_Cell_Mater
        Download for Zotero (External site):
  • Discussion with Reviewers (added following review process): the Discussion with Reviewers (DWR) section is an important part of eCM journal manuscripts and should be prepared with great care. Improper, careless or non-responsive answers will require revision and, thus, delay publication. No length limit is imposed on DWR, therefore answers should be complete but concise. The DWR section is placed immediately following the References. Extra figures and references can be included, when necessary. References that have already been included in the paper reference list should be cited as follows: Jones, 2003. References that not have been cited previously, should be cited as follows: Johnson, 2003, additional reference.

Style specifications

  • Text
  • Headings
  • Equations
  • Symbols and abbreviations
  • Tables
  • Units
  • Statistical tests
  • Figures
  • Legend
  • Text: For the correct use of tenses please check here.
    Present tense is used to talk about general background information, e.g. "Osteoinduction by CaP bone grafts is material-dependent", "The structure of the bovine disc is similar to the young healthy human IVD" and "Rod-shaped nanoparticles have high affinity for endothelial cells".
    Past tense is used to talk about actual results and procedures used, e.g. "A panel of 36 specific proteins was measured", "IVDs from the lumbar region were harvested" and "A staining diminution of around 60 % was observed". When referring to the content of a specific paper, past tense can be used, e.g. "Zhang et al. (2012) developed a composite HA-agarose material" and "Collins and Birkinshaw (2011) studied a series of HA scaffolds"; however, when referring directly to the publication e.g. “Zhang (2012) describe a composite…” the present tense is more appropriate. In order to avoid confusion, it is essential that a clear distinction is always made between what is published information (present/present perfect tense) and that which represents a description of the current work being reported (past tense).
    Present perfect tense is used when previous research is being discussed in general terms, e.g. "A number of groups have focused on".
    The accepted convention for scientific writing should be used, where the text is written in the third person, i.e. it should not contain phrases like "I/we described X", "I/we did X", "I/we performed X", etc. In such instances, passive forms are to be used, such as "X was described", "X was performed" etc.
  • Headings: do not number headings. Major headings should be typed in bold upper and lower case. Subheadings: should be typed in bold and place flush with the left margin of the text on a separate line. Sub-subheadings: print italic and place flush with the left margin of the text on a separate line. All headings must conform to these categories.
  • Equations: each equation must be centred on a separate line, consecutively numbered. Equation numbers, in parentheses, should be flush with the right margin. The equation should normally be prepared using 'Microsoft Equation Editor'and embedded in the MS Word file.
  • Symbols and abbreviations: define each abbreviation in parentheses the first time it is used (even if it has already been defined in the Abstract). For more than 10 symbols include a separate table in the text defining symbols (with units, as applicable). For more than 10 abbreviations, include a list of abbreviations.
  • Tables: tables MUST be provided as individual separate files in Microsoft Word table format. Tables should NOT be embedded in the main manuscript Microsoft Word file. Tables should be numbered and referred to sequentially in the text. Each table should have a short descriptive heading. Additional details, explanation of symbols, etc., should follow. All text contained in the table(s) should be in Palatino Linotype font. Tables must fit into either one column (8 cm wide), or two columns (i.e. 17 cm wide). Each table must fit onto a single A4 page, when a 9 pt font size is used for the included text. Where a table needs to be larger than a single A4 page, then it must be split into the required number of tables and labelled appropriately (e.g. Table 1a, 1b.. etc.) and provided as separate Microsoft Word files. All letters and numbers in tables should be at least 9 pt size. Tables must not be supplied as bitmap images (e.g. jpg or tiff files), as the reproduction quality is usually unacceptable. The style for the use of units must be consistent with that described below, under Units.
  • Units: only standard International System of Units (SI) and accepted non-SI units should be used (for guidance see: and download their brochure). The correct SI unit for litres, ‘L’ should always be used. There must always be a space between the number and the unit (e.g. 10 mL), including temperature (e.g. 10 ºC) and percentage (e.g. 10 %), but not degree angle (e.g. 45º angle). The space must be a non-break space (Ctrl+Shift+Spacebar). Standard abbreviations for time units (s, min, h, d) must always be used – the forms ‘sec’, ‘mins’ and ‘hrs’ are not acceptable. Please note that ‘weeks’, ‘months’ and ‘years’ should not be abbreviated. For centrifugation speeds the Relative Centrifugal Force (RCF) value should be used, designated by ‘×g’, following the value (e.g. 2,000 ×g). Please note that the ‘g’ must be in italic.
  • Statistical tests: these should be clearly defined and statistical significance should be shown in both figures and tables by superscripts of a, b, c, rather than *, ¶, # or other non-sequential symbols. Statistical terms (e.g. t, P, p, n etc.) must always be italicised.
  • Figures: eCM Journal does not accept supplementary data figures for publication – all figures must be included in the main figure sequence, i.e., extra figures, included in the Discussion with Reviewers section, should have consecutive numbers following the figure numbers in the paper itself. The only exceptions are Omics data files and video files that are made available from the paper’s web page. In addition, all uncropped, original gel images (western, PCR, etc.) must be uploaded as supplementary figures for review purposes only. Number each figure (including line drawings) and refer to each figure in sequence in the text (no exception to this rule is allowed, even if several figures are mounted to form a plate). Multiple illustrations within each figure must be designated (lower case bold, upper left side of the illustration) as a, b, c etc. and referred to as such in the figure legend. Such multiple illustration figures should be supplied already assembled as a single jpg file that will fit onto a single A4 page at a minimum resolution of 400 dpi. Each figure must have a short descriptive heading and a comprehensive legend, all supplied as a list at the end of main text document. The style for the use of units must be consistent with that described above, under Units. All figures must be supplied in the form of jpg files and named fig_1, fig_2. etc., as high resolution (at minimum 400 dpi – in their final size – as printed on an A4 page). tif, pdf or MS PowerPoint files are not acceptable, since they can cause difficulties during review or layout production. Where figures are derived from programs such as MS Excel files, they must be saved as jpg files and not included in the form of embedded objects in a MS Word file. Figures should NOT be embedded in the manuscript main MS Word file.
      • Stereopairs: use 7.5 cm wide photographs. If already mounted, the space between photos on the final size (printed on A4) should be 12 mm. Red/green and red/cyan (please specify) anaglyphs are preferred, if possible.
      • Graphs: Graphs should start the y axis at 0 or show a clear scale break in those cases where starting at 0 would be difficult. The numerals on graph scales should be sufficiently large and clear enough and spaced to allow the data to be interpreted and the nature of the scale, e.g. linear or logarithmic, readily appreciated. Any measurement units shown must follow the convention described under Units above. Standard deviation (SD) or Standard Error of the mean (SEM) must be shown. As all graphs are published as received, all text, including scale numerals, should have good contrast and be of high quality and easily readable, even when printed at the reduced size that figures will usually be printed, i.e. column width. The Production Editor reserves the right to reject and request replacements of graphs deemed to be of insufficient quality. GraphPad Prism ( is an example of appropriate software for the preparation of high-quality graphs. All graphs must be converted to jpg format of sufficient resolution (400 dpi on A4 page).

  • Note: as a guide on image resolution for submission. The DPI number is relative to a specific image size (i.e. the number of ‘dots per inch’ on the final printed image). The largest image size we would fit on an eCM Journal page (based on printing the paper on A4 paper – the size it is designed to be) gives the following dimensions and average file sizes: size of image: 170 × 250 mm; dpi: 400; image size: approx. 30 MB. Based on a photo with average detail content, jpg (medium compression – adequate for our needs) gives a file size of approx. 1 MB (final file size will be variable and depends on image content). Line diagrams and graphs would give even smaller file sizes. Therefore, to make the file a sensible size, when using 400 dpi the image size needs to be set to 170 × 250 mm.
  • Legend: each figure must have a separate legend. The legend should include: Fig. x. (in bold), followed by the caption text. The text should provide a comprehensive description of the figure panel(s) and scale-line dimension(s), if it is not already included in the image. Use arrows or letters of sufficient size to point out features in figures. Use white lettering on dark backgrounds and vice versa. Labelling must be incorporated in the jpg files before saving. Magnification marker/scale MUST be included on all image figures: use a line (scale bar) representing 10 µm, 1 µm, 100 nm, etc. to indicate magnification, specify the line size either on the image or in the legend. The scale bar must be large enough (width and length) to be easily seen in the final A4 size pdf page. Magnification should NOT be indicated as '× ..........' in the legend, as this has no useful meaning.


Each paper has its own Web page with the paper title, authors and address listed. Abstract, graphical abstract and list of key words are also included. The final pdf version of the paper can be downloaded from this page. There is no paper-printed version of the journal. Authors may distribute the pdf file of their own paper, though we prefer that they refer any interested party to the paper on the open-access eCM Journal website.
Note: eCM advertises published papers through social media avenues (such as, but not limited to LinkedIn, Facebook, Twitter etc.).
During production, each paper is allocated a unique Digital Object Identifier (DOI). This is shown both on the paper’s eCM Journal web page and the pdf file of the final manuscript. This enables efficient archiving of our publication in safe repositories. For further information, see the DOI System website.
Volume Number
A volume contains papers published between either January 1 - June 30, or July 1 - December 31, volume 1 was published in the first half of 2001 each volume since then has been numbered consecutively. A volume is open-ended until the end of its 6-month period and available on the eCM website ( Papers are added, as they become ready for publication. Page numbering starts at the beginning of each volume. Each volume is fronted by its own Web page, containing a hyperlinked full contents list and links to any additional files – such as videos. Guidance is given below as to the page arrangement required for manuscript submission.
The copyright of each paper/manuscript, including the duty to obtain permission to use copyrighted material, remains with the author(s) (or author's employer). Authors must warrant that their work is original, has not been published by another journal and does not infringe any pre-existing copyright.
When a manuscript is accepted for publication by eCM Journal, the authors must agree not to submit the same material to another journal in any language. An exception is allowed if the published material appears as a part of a review article or book chapter. In such cases, the original paper/manuscript in eCM Journal must be acknowledged.
The author(s) must agree that the paper will be published under the Creative Commons license Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International (CC-BY-SA).
The paper/manuscript may also be stored on academic Digital Repositories, kindly asking for a URL to the original article web page (not direct to the pdf) to be included.
Figure reproduction from eCM Journal papers as a part of a review article or book chapter is allowed with kind acknowledgement of the source (, but only if the new publication is distributed under the same license.

Graphical abstract

The graphical abstract is one single-panel, horizontal (landscape orientation) rectangular image that is designed to give readers an immediate understanding of the take-home message of the paper. It will be requested only for accepted manuscripts.

  • Technical requirements are as follows:

    • Size: 858 × 229 pixels (X-Y axes) at 400 dpi.
    • Font style: Arial
    • Font size: 10-16
    • Accepted file type: PNG, JPG
    • Content: the abstract should summarise the findings of the manuscript
    • Colours: Effective use of colour is encouraged for increasing the aesthetic quality of the graphical abstracts and directing the reader's attention to focal points of interest
  • Check eCM Graphical Abstracts Guidelines for examples of and comprehensive instructions for graphical abstracts. Every six months, the best graphical abstract will be awarded with a free submission (valid for the following 24 months) to eCM Journal and used as cover of next eCM issue.

Download here the complete instructions to authors.