eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) Not-for-Profit Open Access
Created by Scientists, for Scientists
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2021   Volume No 41 – pages 592-602

Title: Amlodipine accelerates bone healing in a stable closed femoral fracture model in mice

Authors: MM Menger, B Merscher, C Scheuer, BJ Braun, SC Herath, MF Rollmann, D Stenger, T Später, T Pohlemann, MD Menger, T Histing

Address: Department of Trauma and Reconstructive Surgery, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen, BG Trauma Center Tübingen, 72076 Tübingen, Germany

E-mail: mmenger at

Abstract: Calcium channel blockers (CCBs), which are widely used in the treatment of hypertension, have been shown to influence bone metabolism. However, there is little information on whether CCBs also influence the process of fracture healing. Therefore, the effect of the CCB amlodipine on bone healing was studied in a stable closed fracture model in mice using intramedullary screw fixation. Bone healing was investigated by radiology, biomechanics, histomorphometry and Western blot analysis 2 and 5 weeks after fracture healing. Animals were treated daily (post operatively) per os using a gavage with amlodipine low dose (1 mg/ kg body weight, n = 20), amlodipine high dose (3 mg/kg body weight, n = 20) or vehicle (NaCl) (control, n = 20) serving as a negative control. At 2 and 5 weeks, histomorphometric analysis revealed a significantly larger amount of bone tissue within the callus of amlodipine low-dose- and high-dose-treated animals when compared to controls. This was associated with a smaller amount of cartilaginous and fibrous tissue, indicating an acceleration of fracture healing. Biomechanics showed a slightly, but not significantly, higher bending stiffness in amlodipine low-dose- and high-dose-treated animals. Western blot analysis revealed a significantly increased expression of bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Moreover, the analysis showed a 5-fold higher expression of osteoprotegerin (OPG) and a 10-fold elevated expression of the receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL), indicating an increased bone turnover. These findings demonstrated that amlodipine accelerated fracture healing by stimulating bone formation, callus remodelling and osteoclast activity.

Key Words: Amlodipine, bone healing, fracture repair, NF-κB ligand, mice.

Publication date: May 24th 2021

Article download: Pages 592-602 (PDF file)

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