eCM (Eur Cell Mater / e Cells & Materials) eCM Open Access Scientific Journal
 ISSN:1473-2262         NLM:100973416 (link)         DOI:10.22203/eCM

2023   Volume No 45 – pages 113-130

Title: Disrupting mechanical homeostasis promotes matrix metalloproteinase-13 mediated processing of neuron glial antigen 2 in mandibular condylar cartilage

Authors:  M Bagheri Varzaneh, Y Zhao, J Rozynek, M Han, DA Reed

Address: 801 South Paulina Street, Room 431, Chicago, IL 60612, USA

E-mail: reedd at

Abstract: Post-traumatic osteoarthritis in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ OA) is associated dysfunctional cellmatrix mediated signalling resulting from changes in the pericellular microenvironment after injury. Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 is a critical enzyme in biomineralisation and the progression of OA that can both degrade the extracellular matrix and modify extracellular receptors. This study focused on MMP-13 mediated changes in a transmembrane proteoglycan, Neuron Glial antigen 2 (NG2/CSPG4). NG2/CSPG4 is a receptor for type VI collagen and a known substrate for MMP-13. In healthy articular layer chondrocytes, NG2/CSPG4 is membrane bound but becomes internalised during TMJ OA. The objective of this study was to determine if MMP-13 contributed to the cleavage and internalisation of NG2/CSPG4 during mechanical loading and OA progression. Using preclinical and clinical samples, it was shown that MMP-13 was present in a spatiotemporally consistent pattern with NG2/CSPG4 internalisation during TMJ OA. In vitro, it was illustrated that inhibiting MMP-13 prevented retention of the NG2/CSPG4 ectodomain in the extracellular matrix. Inhibiting MMP-13 promoted the accumulation of membrane-associated NG2/CSPG4 but did not affect the formation of mechanical-loading dependent variant specific fragments of the ectodomain. MMP- 13 mediated cleavage of NG2/CSPG4 is necessary to initiate clathrin-mediated internalisation of the NG2/ CSPG4 intracellular domain following mechanical loading. This mechanically sensitive MMP-13-NG2/CSPG4 axis affected the expression of key mineralisation and OA genes including bone morphogenetic protein 2, and parathyroid hormone-related protein. Together, these findings implicated MMP-13 mediated cleavage of NG2/CSPG4 in the mechanical homeostasis of mandibular condylar cartilage during the progression of degenerative arthropathies such as OA.

Keywords: Mandibular condylar cartilage, mechanobiology, cell-matrix interactions, protease, synovial fluid, temporomandibular joint, matrix metalloproteinase-13

Publication date: May 8th 2023

Article download: Pages 113-130 (PDF file)

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